In this English lesson, you will learn about the Present Perfect Tense, how it is used, how it is formed.
Many of my online students have a difficult time understanding the Present Perfect Tense, when to use it and how to use it.
This English lesson is going to help those of you who have a difficult time using this verb tense understand it better and help you to use this verb tense properly the next time you speak to someone in English.
Now let’s dive into the lesson!
When and How to use the Present Perfect Tense
The present perfect tense simple is used to talk about events in the recent past that still have an effect on the present moment.
It is formed with “have” and a past participle.
Below we will look at some examples of how to use the Present Perfect Tense with different examples and explanations.
The present perfect can be used to talk about the past in a number of different ways:
- To give new information or news
- To talk about a repeated action that continues to happen over a period of time
- To talk about an event that started in the past and is still happening now
Now let’s take a look at some examples!
To give new information or news:
“Hello, I have arrived at the airport. The plane landed 10 minutes ago.”
To talk about a repeated action that continues to happen over a period of time:
“He has visited Florida every winter ever since he was 16 years old.”
To talk about an event that started in the past and is still happening now:
“Rebecca has gone on a trip to Spain.”
Let's take a look at how to form the Present Perfect Tense
The Present Perfect Tense is formed with:
Subject + helping verb + main verb
*Here is something important to note- the helping verb will change in order to properly conjugate with the subject. For example:
Subjects: “I, You, We, They” . will all conjugate with the helping verb “have”
I have, you have, we have, they have.
Subjects “he, she, it” will all conjugate with the helping verb “has”
He has, she has, it has
More sentence formation:
“I have been to Australia seven times.”
“He has seen this movie already.”
“We have rented a house for a week.”
We can't talk about the Present Perfect Tense without talking about regular and irregular verbs
So let’s talk about the different verb forms and their differences and why you need to know them.
Regular verbs follow a specific pattern that you can memorize. In this case, we are looking at the past participle form which is going to be the same as the simple past:
Verb + “ed”
Talk = talked
As you can see, all of these verbs are made into the past tense simply by adding the “ed” ending. It is quite simple.
Irregular verbs are quite different, they don’t follow a specific pattern and must be memorized. For the past participle it will be different than the past simple.
Here are some examples:
Be = been
Buy = bought
Come = come
As you can see, all of these verbs are different and don’t follow a specific pattern.